achievement

The successful accomplishment of, or performance in, a socially defined task or goal. Talcott Parsons (in Social Theory and Modern Society, 1967) suggests that modern societies use indices of achievement-examination credentials or performance in role-based tasks-rather than ascriptive criteria to recruit, select, and evaluate individuals for particular roles . However, research demonstrates the continued influence of ascription in social stratification , notably according to such factors as race and sex. There is an interesting cross-disciplinary discussion of the concept and interpretation of achievement, its relationship to creativity and innovation, and its role in explaining economic growth in England and Japan since the seventeenth century, in, Wellsprings of Achievement (1995). See also achievement motivation ; meritocracy ; status, achieved.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Achievement — refers to an accomplishment. Specifically, it may refer to: * in heraldry: ** Achievement of Arms, a coat of arms ** Hatchment, a funeral shield specifically * Achievement test for student assessment * Achievement as the primary motivation of… …   Wikipedia

  • Achievement — A*chieve ment ( ment), n. [Cf. F. ach[ e]vement, E. {Hatchment}.] 1. The act of achieving or performing; an obtaining by exertion; successful performance; accomplishment; as, the achievement of his object. [1913 Webster] 2. A great or heroic… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • achievement — UK US /əˈtʃiːvmənt/ noun ► [C] something that a person, company, etc. has done or finished successfully: »Look at your achievements and your value in monetary terms. ► [U] the act of achieving something or of achieving things generally: »The… …   Financial and business terms

  • achievement — index act (undertaking), action (performance), boom (prosperity), commission (act), development …   Law dictionary

  • achievement — (n.) late 15c., act of completing something, from M.Fr. achèvement a finishing, noun of action from O.Fr. achever (see ACHIEVE (Cf. achieve)). Meaning thing achieved is recorded from 1590s …   Etymology dictionary

  • achievement — *feat, exploit Analogous words: deed, act, *action: *victory, conquest, triumph: consummation, accomplishment (see corresponding adjectives at CONSUMMATE) Antonyms: failure Contrasted words: negligence, *neglect: omission, slighting (see corres …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • achievement — [n] something completed successfully; goal reached accomplishment, acquirement, acquisition, act, actualization, attainment, completion, conquest, consummation, contrivance, creation, deed, effectuation, effort, enactment, encompassment,… …   New thesaurus

  • achievement — ► NOUN 1) a thing that is achieved. 2) the process or fact of achieving …   English terms dictionary

  • achievement — [ə chēv′mənt] n. 1. the act of achieving 2. a thing achieved, esp. by skill, work, courage, etc.; feat 3. COAT OF ARMS …   English World dictionary

  • achievement — noun 1 thing done successfully ADJECTIVE ▪ amazing, considerable (esp. BrE), extraordinary, fine, great, important, impressive, major, monumental, no me …   Collocations dictionary

  • achievement — noun 1 (C) something important that you succeed in doing by your own efforts: Winning three gold medals is a remarkable achievement. | no mean achievement/quite an achievement (=a very impressive achievement) 2 (U) the act of achieving something …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

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